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Resident Profile

Typical Resident The typical resident is a woman about 87 years old1 who is mobile, but needs assistance with approximately two to three activities of daily living (ADLs). She would have two to three of the Top 10 chronic conditions.2

Percentage Of All Residents By Age Groups: In 2010, 54 percent of assisted living residents are 85 years or older; 27 percent are 75-84 years old; 9 percent of residents are between 65 and 74 years; and 11 percent are younger than 65 years old.2

Gender - Seventy-four percent assisted living residents are female; 26 percent are male.2

Number of Residents - More than 735,000 people nationwide live in assisted living settings.

Activities of Daily Thirty-eight percent of residents received assistance with three of more ADLs.  The chart below shows the various ADLs and the percentage of residents needing help with them.2


Activities of
Daily Living
% of Residents
Needing Help
Bathing 72%
Dressing 52%
Toileting 36%
Transferring 25%


Other Common Services - Eighty-seven percent of assisted living residents need help with meal preparation, while 81 percent need help managing their medications.1 

Top Ten Chronic Conditions 2 

  • High Blood Pressure: 57%
  • Alzheimer's disease and other dementias: 42%
  • Heart Disease: 34%
  • Depression: 28%
  • Arthritis: 27%
  • Osteoporosis: 21%
  • Diabetes: 17%
  • COPD and allied conditions: 15%
  • Cancer: 11%
  • Stroke: 11%


Moving In - Residents come to assisted living facilities from a variety of settings:1

  • 70% moved from a private home or apartment
  • 9% came from a nursing facility
  • 9% moved from a retirement or independent living community
  • 7% moved from a family residence (such as living with adult childrens)
  • 5% came from another assisted living residence or group home

Moving Out - Fifty-nine percent of residents will move into a nursing facility. Thirty-three percent will pass away. The remaining will move home or to another location.1

Median Length of Stay: The median length of stay for residents is about 22 months.2

Resident Rights - The National Center for Assisted Living advocates that residents' rights should include the right to:

  • Privacy
  • Be treated at all times with dignity and respect
  • Control personal finances
  • Retain and have use of personal possessions
  • Interact freely with others both within the assisted living residence and in the community
  • Freedom of religion
  • Control receipt of health-related services
  • Organize resident councils


1Overview of Assisted Living," published by the American Association of Homes and Services for the Aging, American Seniors Housing Association, Assisted Living Federation of American, National Center for Assisted Living, and National Investment Center for the Seniors Housing & Care Industry, or reflects NCAL's philosophy of assisted living. 

Data from the 2010 National Survey of Residential Care Facilities. The National Center for Health Statistics Data Brief No. 91.